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Japanese Honeysuckle

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Japanese Honeysuckle leatherflower, Clematis viorna The United States National Arboretum
Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens The United States National Arboretum
trumpet honeysuckle, Lonicera sempervirens The United States National Arboretum
sweetbay magnolia, Magnolia virginiana The United States National Arboretum
purple passionflower, Passiflora incarnata The United States National Arboretum

Purple Loosestrife

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Purple Loosestrife swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata The United States National Arboretum
sweet pepperbush, Clethra alnifolia The United States National Arboretum
purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea The United States National Arboretum
gayfeather, Liatris spicata The United States National Arboretum
grass-leaved blazing star, Liatris pilosa The United States National Arboretum
green-headed coneflower, Rudbeckia laciniata The United States National Arboretum
New York ironweed, Vernonia novaboracensis The United States National Arboretum

Miscanthus species

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Miscanthus species split-beard bluestem, Andropogon ternarius The United States National Arboretum
switchgrass, Panicum virgatum The United States National Arboretum
sugarcane plumegrass, Saccharum giganteum The United States National Arboretum
little bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium The United States National Arboretum
Indiangrass, Sorghastrum nutans The United States National Arboretum

Lesser Celandine

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Lesser Celandine spring beauty, Claytonia virginica The United States National Arboretum
yellow ragwort, Senecio aureus The United States National Arboretum
Other spring ephemerals, if nursery propagated The United States National Arboretum

Porcelainberry

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Porcelainberry gray dogwood, Cornus racemosa The United States National Arboretum
Virginia creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia The United States National Arboretum
swamp haw viburnum, Viburnum nudum The United States National Arboretum

Butomus umbellatus

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus Spike rush, Eliocharis palustris Penn State Extension

Egeria densa

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Brazilian waterweed, Anacharis, Egeria densa Elodea canadensis Penn State Extension

Eichhornia crassipes

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes Spatterdock, Nuphar lutea Penn State Extension

Eichhornia azurea

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Anchored water hyacinth, Eichhornia azurea Spatterdock, Nuphar lutea Penn State Extension

Hydrilla verticillata

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Hydrilla, Water thyme, Hydrilla verticillata Coontail, Ceratophyllum demersum Penn State Extension

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
European frogbit, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Fragrant water lily, Nymphaea odorata Penn State Extension

Ipomoea aquatica

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Water spinach, Ipomoea aquatica Fragrant water lily, Nymphaea odorata Penn State Extension

Iris pseudacorus

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Yellow flag or Pale yellow iris, Iris pseudacorus Blue flag iris, Iris versicolor Penn State Extension

Lagarosiphon major

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Oxygen weed (Elodea crispa), Lagarosiphon major Elodea, Elodea canadensis Penn State Extension

Ludwigia peruviana

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Peruvian primrose, Ludwigia peruviana Water willow, Justicia americana Penn State Extension

Lythrum salicaria

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Purple loosestrife, Lythrum salicaria Pickerelweed, Pontederia cordata Penn State Extension

Myriophyllum aquaticum

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Parrot feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum Coontail, Ceratophyllum demersum Penn State Extension

Myriophyllum spicatcum

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Eurasian watermilfoil, Myriophyllum spicatcum Elodea canadensis Penn State Extension

Nymphoides peltata

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Yellow floating heart, Nymphoides peltata Spatterdock, Nuphar lutea Penn State Extension

Pistia stratiotes

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Water lettuce, Pistia stratiotes Floating leaf pondweed, Potamogeton natans Penn State Extension

Trapa natans

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Water chestnut, Trapa natans Floating-leaf pondweed, Potamogeton natans Penn State Extension

Carassius auratus

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Goldfish, Carassius auratus Golden shiner, Notemigonius crysolucas Penn State Extension

Cyprinus carpio

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Koi, Cyprinus carpio Fathead Minnow, Rosy-red Strain, Pimephales promelas Penn State Extension

Wisteria sinensis

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Euonymus alatus

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Winged burning bush (Euonymus alatus) Strawberry bush (Euonymus americanus) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Lonicera japonica

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica) Trumpet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Alternanthera philoxeroides

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Alligatorweed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) Common arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Monnier waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Goldenclub (Orontium aquaticum) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Fragrant waterlily (Nymphaea odorata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Hooded pitcherplant (Sarracenia minor) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Yellow pitcherplant (Sarracenia flava) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Colocasia esculenta

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Wild taro, coco yam (Colocasia esculenta) Common arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Monnier waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Goldenclub (Orontium aquaticum) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Fragrant waterlily (Nymphaea odorata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Hooded pitcherplant (Sarracenia minor) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Yellow pitcherplant (Sarracenia flava) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Eichhornia crassipes

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Common arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Monnier waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Goldenclub (Orontium aquaticum) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Fragrant waterlily (Nymphaea odorata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Hooded pitcherplant (Sarracenia minor) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Yellow pitcherplant (Sarracenia flava) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Hydrilla verticillata

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Hydrilla or waterthyme (Hydrilla verticillata) Common arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Monnier waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Goldenclub (Orontium aquaticum) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Fragrant waterlily (Nymphaea odorata) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Hooded pitcherplant (Sarracenia minor) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health
Yellow pitcherplant (Sarracenia flava) The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Alocasia spp

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Elephant Ear Alocasia spp, Colocasia spp. Arrowhead Watershed Protection Development Review
Crinum Lily Watershed Protection Development Review
Tuckahoe Watershed Protection Development Review

Arundo donax

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Giant Cane Arundo donax Evergreen Yaupon Watershed Protection Development Review
Roughleaf Dogwood Watershed Protection Development Review

Eleagnus angustifolia

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Russian Olive Eleagnus angustifolia Cherry Laurel Watershed Protection Development Review
Texas Persimmon Watershed Protection Development Review

Ligustrum

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Waxleaf Ligustrum Ligustrum japonicum/Ligustrum lucidum Texas Sage Watershed Protection Development Review
Barbados Cherry Watershed Protection Development Review

lythrum salicaria

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Purple loosestrife, lythrum salicaria Great blue lobelia, Lobelia siphilitica Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council
Blazing star, Liatris spicata Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council
Obedient plant, Physostegia virginiana Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council

Ludwigia peruviana

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Peruvian Primrose willow (Ludwigia peruviana) Sandweed (Hypericum fasciculatum) Lake County Department of Public Resources, Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area of Lake County

Colocasia esculenta

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Wild Taro (Colocasia esculenta) Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) Lake County Department of Public Resources, Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area of Lake County

Cyperus involucratus

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Umbrella Flat Sedge (Cyperus involucratus) String-Lily (Crinum americanum) Lake County Department of Public Resources, Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area of Lake County

Urena lobata

Invader Scientific and Common Name Alternative Scientific Name Alternative Common Name Plant Type Sources
Caesar’s Weed, also known as Caesarweed (Urena lobata) Salt Marsh mallow (Kosteletzkya virginica) Lake County Department of Public Resources, Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area of Lake County

 

* USFWS’s “Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservatio Landscaping ” resouce does not give 1-to-1 invader to alternative recommendations. All other sources’s recommendations are complied above. List also does not have species organized by common and scientific names. List also needs to be synthesized so recommendations are not repetitve (several organizations make the same recommendations for the same species)

Title Author Geographic Scope
Kick the Invasive Exotic Gardening Habit with Great Native Plant Alternatives The United States National Arboretum Mid-Atlantic Region
Pocket Guide to Mid-Atlantic Water Garden Species Diane J. Olsen, Penn State Extension Mid-Atlantic Region
A Homeowners Guide to Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Invasive Species The University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health Georgia
Central Texas Invasive Plants Volunteer Field Guide Watershed Protection Development Review Texas
Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Kentucky’s Least Wanted Plants Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council Kentucky
Greener Choices: Alternatives to Invasive-Exotic Plants Lake County Department of Public Resources and the Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area  of Lake County Lake County, FL